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Urologic Cancers

Urologic cancers are growths of abnormal cells that form in the organs of the urinary tract in both men and women, and in the testicles, prostate and penis of the male reproductive system. The urinary tract produces and stores urine. It comprises the kidneys, the ureter (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder and the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder and expels it from the body).

Frequently, cancers in these organs produce symptoms such as pain, a lump, urinary tract infections (UTIs) or blood in the urine that prompt a person to see a physician about their health. Many of these cancers are curable when caught early.

As with other types of cancer, doctors treat most urologic cancers by attempting to remove the tumor (the clump of abnormal cells) surgically. For some conditions, physicians will recommend radiation therapy such as CyberKnife in place of or after surgery. This process uses high-energy beams, like x-rays, to control or stop cancer cells from growing. Other patients might have chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells or control their growth.

Types of Urologic Cancers

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Penile Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Urethral Cancer